North Korean leader Kim Jong Un’s summit with Russian President Vladimir Putin this week expands a diplomatic charm offensive that has integrated meetings with leaders from China, South Korea and the United States. Some essential moments:

January 1, 2018: In his New Year’s address, Kim calls for enhanced relations with South Korea and gives to send a delegation to the Winter Olympics there.

February 2018: North Korea sends hundreds of persons to Pyeongchang Games in South Korea, such as Kim’s sister, who conveys her brother’s need for a summit with President Moon Jae-in.

March 7, 2018: Right after going to Kim in Pyongyang, South Korean presidential envoy Chung Eui-yong says Kim is prepared to go over the fate of his nuclear arsenal with the United States. Days later, US President Donald Trump accepts Kim’s invitation to meet following a conversation with Moon’s envoys.

March 27, 2018: Kim tends to make a surprise check out to Beijing for a meeting with Chinese President Xi Jinping in an apparent move to strengthen his leverage ahead of his negotiations with Trump.

April 21, 2018: North Korea says it has suspended nuclear and lengthy-variety missile tests and announces plans to close its nuclear test web site as component of a move to shift its national concentrate and enhance its economy. Trump tweets: “This is extremely superior news for North Korea and the Planet” and “huge progress!”

April 27, 2018: Kim holds a summit with Moon. The leaders announce vague aspirational targets of a nuclear-absolutely free Korean Peninsula and permanent peace.

May well 7, 2018: Kim meets Xi once again in China and calls for stronger strategic cooperation in between the classic allies.

May well 9, 2018: US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo visits Pyongyang to prepare for the planned Trump-Kim summit. North Korea releases 3 Americans who had been imprisoned, and they return with Pompeo to the United States.

May well 24, 2018: North Korean diplomat Choe Son Hui releases a statement referring to US Vice President Mike Pence as a “political dummy” for his vital comments on the North and saying it was up to the Americans regardless of whether they would “meet us at a meeting space or encounter us at nuclear-to-nuclear showdown”. Trump announces he’s pulling out of his summit with Kim, citing the North’s “tremendous anger and open hostility”.

May well 26, 2018: Kim and Moon meet at a border village in an work to revive the summit with Trump. Moon says Kim reaffirmed his commitment to denuclearise but also stated he was unsure regardless of whether he could trust the United States to offer a credible safety assure in return.

June 1, 2018: Right after meeting North Korean envoy Kim Yong Chol at the White Residence, Trump says his meeting with Kim Jong Un is back on for June 12.

June 12, 2018: Trump and Kim meet in Singapore, exactly where they repeat the initial inter-Korean summit’s vague statement on the peninsula’s denuclearisation devoid of describing when and how it will happen.

June 19, 2018: Kim visits Beijing for his third meeting with Xi, who praises the “optimistic outcome” of the Trump-Kim meeting.

August 24, 2018: Trump cancels a scheduled trip to North Korea by Pompeo citing lack of “enough progress” on denuclearisation.

September 19, 2018: Kim and Moon hold their third summit in Pyongyang and the North says it really is prepared to permanently dismantle its major nuclear complicated in Yongbyon if the United States requires unspecified corresponding measures. The Koreas also vow to resume joint financial activities when probable, voicing optimism that international sanctions could finish and permit such projects.

January 1, 2019: Kim in his New Year’s speech says he hopes to continue his nuclear summitry with Trump, but also that he would seek a “new way” if the United States persists with sanctions and stress against the North.

January eight, 2019: Kim visits Beijing for his fourth summit with Xi, vows to “reach final results” on the nuclear standoff in his subsequent summit with Trump.

February eight, 2019: Trump announces the Vietnamese capital, Hanoi, as the venue of his second summit with Kim.

February 27-28, 2019: Trump and Kim’s second summit breaks down more than what the Americans describe as excessive North Korean demands for sanctions relief in exchange for partial disarmament actions restricted to the Yongbyon complicated.

April 13, 2019: Kim says he is open to a third summit with Trump, but sets the year’s finish as a deadline for Washington to present mutually acceptable terms for an agreement.

April 23, 2019: North Korea says Kim will quickly check out Russia to meet with Putin.

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