“China utilizes a wide variety of approaches to obtain foreign military and dual-use technologies, such as targeted foreign direct investment, cyber theft, and exploitation of private Chinese nationals’ access to these technologies, as properly as harnessing its intelligence solutions, personal computer intrusions, and other illicit approaches,” the Congressionally mandated Division of Defense report mentioned.
“China obtains foreign technologies by way of imports, foreign direct investment, the establishment of foreign analysis and improvement (R&D) centers, joint ventures, analysis and academic partnerships, talent recruitment, and industrial and cyberespionage,” the report added.
The report mentioned that China had utilised these tactics to obtain sensitive, dual-use, or military-grade gear from the United States, such as aviation and antisubmarine warfare technologies.
Beijing creating sophisticated weaponry
Some of the far more sophisticated technologies China is creating involves hypersonic missiles, weapons that travel at least 5-occasions the speed of sound.
“China has tested hypersonic glide cars. In August 2018, China effectively tested the XINGKONG-two (Starry Sky-two), which it publicly described as a hypersonic waverider automobile,” the report says, referencing a missile that can travel close to the water to stay clear of detection and missile defense.
The report also particulars the development in China’s defense spending budget and its military capabilities, saying “China’s defense spending budget has practically doubled in the course of the previous 10 years.”
Considerably of that revenue is getting spent on beefing up the Chinese navy, with the report saying that China commands “the region’s biggest navy, with far more than 300 surface combatants, submarines, amphibious ships, patrol craft, and specialized forms.”
The report calls the Chinese navy an “increasingly contemporary and versatile force,” saying that the “modernization of China’s submarine force remains a higher priority.”
It says China’s total submarine force “will probably develop to amongst 65 and 70 submarines by 2020” and that China will field a new guided-missile nuclear attack submarine “by the mid-2020s” offering Beijing with “a far more clandestine land-attack choice.”
China’s initially domestically constructed Aircraft carrier will also “probably join the fleet by the finish of 2019” and its second domestically constructed carrier is projected to be operational by 2022.
Beijing is also swiftly developing up its Coast Guard to enable enforce its claims more than disputed islands in the South China Sea, according to the report.
Due to the fact 2010 the Chinese Coast Guard has doubled its fleet of massive patrol ships and now commands some 130 massive vessels, “producing it by far the biggest coast guard force in the globe and rising its capacity to conduct simultaneous, extended offshore operations in many disputed places.”
The report also says China utilizes its People’s Armed Forces Maritime Militia, a reserve force of civilians readily available for mobilization, “to accomplish China’s political objectives” in the South China Sea with out fighting.
China has attempted to improve its handle more than the capabilities and waterways of the South China Sea exactly where some 78 % of its oil imports and 16 % of all-natural gas imports sails.
“In the South China Sea, China has continued militarization. Anti-ship cruise missiles and extended-variety surface-to-air missiles have been deployed to Spratly Islands outposts, and China’s strategic bombers have performed take-off and landing drills on Woody Island in the Paracel Islands,” the report mentioned, adding that the missiles deployed to the Spratly Islands in 2018 are the “most capable land-primarily based weapons systems deployed by China in the disputed South China Sea.”
“China states that international military presence inside the South China Sea is a challenge to its sovereignty. China has continued to escalate coercive techniques to enforce its claims inside the South China Sea,” it added.