The Bakhtiaris are a southwestern Iranian tribe. They speak the Bakhtiari dialect, a southwestern Iranian dialect, belonging to the Lurish language.
Bakhtiaris mostly inhabit Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari and eastern Khuzestan, Lorestan, Bushehr, and Isfahan provinces. In Khuzestan, Bakhtiari tribes are concentrated mostly in the eastern element of the province in the cities of Masjed Soleyman and Andika.
A little percentage of Bakhtiari are nevertheless nomadic pastoralists, migrating among summer season quarters and winter quarters. Numerical estimates of their total population differ extensively.
The Bakhtiari tribesmen have lived in the rugged mountains and crossed the burning deserts of Khuzestan at a time when there was no contemporary-day signifies of communication and no a single could answer queries about unfamiliar events. Thus, they have overcome the atmosphere and unanswered queries via myths and motifs.
The following photo collection, developed by Maryam Al-e Momen and published on IRNA, is aimed at portraying some of these folk legends.
Al (demon of childbirth) is a wrinkled old lady carrying a basket containing a pregnant woman’s liver. In the previous, due to insufficient overall health and health-related care, when a pregnant lady died of an infection or bleeding, persons would blame it on a creature dubbed Al and do points to get rid of her.
Merdozma is an evil and cunning creature that seems in the kind of humans and domestic animals (sheep, cows, dogs, horses, and so on.) and tries to drag them into a valley at the ripe time. It seizes the chance to surprise them and push them into the valley or kill them in a battle. It is believed that handful of persons have survived in the fight. They think that Merdozma is behind the deaths of persons who died in the hot and burning mountains and valleys of Khuzestan.
Therapy of a illness referred to as Chalmeh, which is a form of mental illness that causes the patient to encounter numbness and nightmares. The doctor inculcates in the patient that s/he is healthier by undertaking some tasks and whispers.
They decorate the inside of the tent with numerous beads to take away goblins and evil spirits.
The myth of Mah Titi is the story of a girl who escapes to the mountain with six other girls since of poverty and her stepmother’s plots. There, they meet a cunning old man who intends to consume them but with the enable of a witty orphaned girl all the girls are rescued. Mah Titi fairy tale is a lesson for girls who have to reside in the mountains and face the prospective dangers.
The legend of the Yellow Calf is the story of a girl, who is deceived by a cunning lady and causes her mother to die. The lady deceives the girl’s father to marry her. The girl has several complications with her stepmother. Even so, the soul of her mother, who generally protests the girl, sends her a yellow calf.
Rites of Forty Bald Guys: Anytime the rainfall was so heavy that there was a threat of harm to livestock and crops, persons asked God to cease flashfloods via the rites.
The fairy tale of Dalou (Granny) and the fox is about an old lady whose yogurt is eaten by a cunning fox. For the duration of the story young children get to know how humans and nature can interact.
The fairy tale of Dalou (Granny) and the rooster is about an old stingy lady who goes to the court to settle her dispute with the rooster.
Jaundice Therapy: There are physicians in the Bakhtiari neighborhood who think that God has provided them the science of medicine by goblins. They say this information identified as the “Divine Vein” is transferred from mother to daughter. They go to a doctor for remedy with a male animal, such as a goat, a sheep or a rooster on Monday or Wednesday.
Child’s Horoscope: When waiting for a passenger, persons ask a kid to raise his or her correct or left foot. As the kid does not know the left and the correct side, the correct and incorrect of the operate is the basis of the fulfilment of the dream of the wisher.
Snakebite Therapy: When an individual is bitten by a snake, they skillfully spot a chicken on the bite in a way that the chicken’s cloaca is placed on major of the bite. Chicken cloaca absorbs poison like a sucker.
Nemedkal: The Bakhtiari persons think that Nemedkal is a divine and sacred particular person who assists the tribesmen and herdsmen in the kind of benevolent shepherd and benefactor. He sleeps in the herd, protects the sheep from thieves, wolves and predatory animals, and in the absence of persons, protects their possessions and belongings.