Beijing and its classic ally Pakistan have been angered by India’s choice two months ago to revoke the unique status of the aspect of Kashmir it controls, which was accompanied by a crackdown on dissent. India insists it is an internal matter aimed at building the area and there was no area for a third nation to be involved, immediately after Xi mentioned he was watching the predicament closely and assured Pakistan of Chinese help.

In a move to tighten its grip on Jammu and Kashmir, components of which are claimed by Pakistan and China, India, in early August, dropped a constitutional provision that permitted the country’s only Muslim-majority state to make its personal laws.

Xi arrived on Friday in the southern city of Chennai exactly where Mr Modi was to take him on a tour of the nearby Shore Temple dating back to the seventh and eighth centuries when regional kingdoms had direct ties with Chinese provinces.

Ahead of his arrival, police detained the chief of the Tibetan Youth Congress, Gonpo Dhondup, and 11 Tibetan students in various places, which includes at the airport and a highway major to the summit venue.

Xi Jinping

Students with masks of China’s President Xi Jinping sit in a formation reading (Image: Reuters)

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Narendra Modi and Xi Jinping shake hands at Shore Temple (Image: GETTY)

Mr Dhodup shouted: “We want freedom” as he was wrestled away by six policemen in a video shared by the Tibetan Youth Congress.

He was then pushed into an autorickshaw and taken away by police.

Two Tibetan activists, each females, also staged a protest inside Chennai airport, holding a banner that study: “Xi Jinping Quit Occupation in Tibet – Free of charge Tibet.”

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Narendra Modi Xi Jinping

Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi talks with China’s President Xi Jinping throughout their pay a visit to to Shore Temple (Image: AFP)

China sent troops into remote, mountainous Tibet in 1950 in what it officially terms a peaceful liberation and has ruled there ever considering that.

The Dalai Lama, Tibet’s spiritual leader, fled to India in 1959 immediately after a failed uprising against Chinese rule.

China has branded him a unsafe reactionary who seeks to split off practically a quarter of the Chinese land mass.

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Narendra Modi welcomes Xi Jinping to India (Image: GETTY)

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Activists of Assam Hindu Suraksha Sena organisation burn a photograph of Xi Jinping (Image: AFP)

Mr Modi and Xi will be aiming to move forward on a set of self-confidence-creating measures throughout the informal summit in Mamallapuram, a quick distance from Chennai, an Indian supply briefed on the discussions mentioned.

India and China share a three,500 km (two,200 mile) border, more than which they went to war in 1962, and the situation remains a sore point.

Chinese state media quoted Vice Foreign Minister Luo Zhaohui as saying: “Xi will have an in-depth communication with Modi on challenges that have general, lengthy-term and strategic significance on bilateral relations, set the tune and guide the path for future improvement of the ties.”

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Each India and China possess an arsenal of nuclear weapons (Image: Each day Express)

China’s economy is practically 5 instances bigger than that of India and its annual defence spending 4 instances bigger, foreign affairs commentator C Raja Mohan wrote in a column in the Indian Express.

He added: “This energy imbalance translates into an unpleasant reality on the diplomatic front – that China is below no stress to please India.”

Final month it was revealed India was spending £408million ($500million) to create groundbreaking hypersonic weapons in a move which could give it a big technological edge more than neighbour Pakistan.

Narendra Modi Xi Jinping

Narendra Modi and Xi Jinping pose for a image at Krishnas Butter Ball (Image: AFP)

Frank O’Donnell, a South Asia professional at the US Naval War College, speaking in his individual capacity, told Express.co.uk: “Following its lengthy-term trend of military technological help with Pakistan to make sure that Pakistan has rough military parity with India, it is probably that China is functioning with Pakistan on hypersonic missiles.

“Once these are in location, the higher difficulty of stopping hypersonic missile attacks will stress policy makers in episodes of deep crisis to launch such a missile strike ahead of the other does, destroying the enemy’s hypersonic missiles on the ground.

“The emerging regional hypersonic missile race will exacerbate its current nuclear arms race, unless India, China and Pakistan start to negotiate arms handle measures with regards to these technologies.”