As Xi lands in the coastal city of Chennai Friday for a two-day pay a visit to to India, it is the Kashmir Valley at the northwestern tip of the mountain variety that is poised to spoil efforts to boost Sino-Indian ties.

Each India and rival Pakistan claim sovereignty more than all of Kashmir, and Islamabad swiftly declared the move — which was followed by a big crackdown by Indian safety solutions — as illegal.

Beijing is a longtime ally of Islamabad, and New Delhi is keen to maintain China out of the dispute. According to the Hindustan Occasions, Indian officials mentioned the current transform in status for Jammu and Kashmir “will not be up for discussion” when Xi and Modi meet this week, with talks anticipated to concentrate on trade problems.
On Wednesday, nonetheless, Pakistan Prime Minister Imran Khan threw a spanner into the operates with a pay a visit to to Beijing, exactly where he met with Xi in an apparent try to shore up assistance ahead of the Modi summit. Following talks, Xi mentioned that “China supports Pakistan to safeguard its personal genuine rights and hopes that the relevant parties can resolve their disputes by means of peaceful dialogue.”
In response, Indian foreign affairs spokesman Raveesh Kumar mentioned New Delhi’s position “has been constant and clear that Jammu & Kashmir is an integral element of India. China is nicely conscious of our position. It is not for other nations to comment on the internal affairs of India.”
A traffic policeman stands beside a welcoming board for China's President Xi Jinping in Chennai on October 9, 2019, ahead of a summit with his Indian counterpart Narendra Modi held at the World Heritage Site of Mahabalipuram from October 11 to 13 in Tamil Nadu state.

Trading partners

China has close financial, diplomatic and military ties with Pakistan, generating it a single of the nation’s closest allies in the area. Among 2008 and 2017, Islamabad bought extra than $six billion of Chinese arms, according to believe tank CSIS. China has also invested billions in the China-Pakistan Financial Corridor, an integral element of Xi’s Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) trade and infrastructure mega-project.
India’s economy, nonetheless, dwarfs that of its neighbor — and the country’s value to China has only grown as the trade war in between Beijing and Washington has continued. Pakistan may well be an “all-climate ally,” but it is Indian customers who can enable pull China out of the financial doldrums.
“The frequent interests of China and India far outweigh their variations,” state-run newspaper China Day-to-day mentioned in an editorial ahead of Modi and Xi’s 2018 meeting. Given that that summit, China’s vice foreign minister and former ambassador to India, Luo Zhaohui, mentioned this week that “relations have entered a new stage of steady development, with cooperation and exchanges getting carried out in different fields and variations getting effectively managed.”
India and China collectively account for 17.six% of the worldwide economy. But even though China is India’s biggest trading companion, their estimated $84 billion bilateral trade in 2017/18 was a mere fraction of the US-China trade volume, which stood at practically $600 billion.
Foreign direct investment into India has risen from much less than $25 billion in 2014 — ahead of Modi took energy — to about $45 billion in the final fiscal year, and China is looking for to be a big player in the expanding Indian market place.

A single massive results story has been the smartphone sector, which has helped drive a boom in India’s digital economy. China’s Xiaomi has tripled the quantity of smartphone plants it has in India in current years, and is now on its way to taking best spot in the country’s market place. Beijing will also be hoping that India could be a massive market place for telecoms giant Huawei, which is facing escalating stress and restrictions from the US and its allies.

Challenging partnership

As nicely as possible political issues triggered by its partnership with Pakistan, China has a quantity of extended-operating disputes with India, each diplomatic and territorial.

They contain New Delhi’s sheltering of the Dalai Lama, the exiled Tibetan spiritual leader whom Beijing considers a separatist traitor.
Financial and strategic competitors in between China, a Communist-ruled a single-celebration state, and India — the world’s biggest democracy — has also intensified in the previous handful of years as Beijing began to expand its influence in India’s conventional backyard, in particular by means of Xi’s ambitious BRI worldwide trade program.
Current moves arousing suspicion in India contain China taking handle of a big port in Sri Lanka and signing groundbreaking trade bargains with Nepal, and its navy conducting anti-piracy operations in the western Indian Ocean.
And even though the Doklam challenge seems to be on the back burner, it is a single of a number of territorial disputes in between New Delhi and Beijing. India held big military workouts in Arunachal Pradesh this month, components of which China considers to be in South Tibet.
According to the Hindustan Occasions, Luo — the Chinese vice foreign minister — dismissed queries about the workouts this week, saying the claim that they took location in disputed territory “is not correct.”

“Second, the area you described is a sensitive area and we never want to hear that reference,” Luo added.

His comments are possibly indicative of China’s general technique when it comes to its Himalayan problems — downplay and ignore them in favor of boosting trade.

CNN’s Ben Westcott and Steven Jiang contributed reporting.