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Media captionWatch as Syrian government forces enter town of Ain Issa

Russia has stated it will not enable clashes among Turkish and Syrian forces, as Turkey’s military offensive in northern Syria continues.

“This would merely be unacceptable… and hence we will not enable it, of course,” stated Moscow’s specific envoy for Syria, Alexander Lavrentyev.

The withdrawal of US troops from the area, announced final week, gave Turkey a “green light”, critics say.

Russia is a important military ally of Syrian leader Bashar al-Assad.

Mr Lavrentyev, in the course of a take a look at to the United Arab Emirates, described Turkey’s offensive as “unacceptable”.

He stated Turkish and Syrian officials have been in get in touch with to stay away from any conflict.

And Russia’s defence ministry stated its forces, which have been deployed in Syria given that 2015, have been patrolling along the “line of get in touch with” among Syrian and Turkish forces.

How did we get right here?

The Turkish offensive, which started final week, aims to push the Kurdish-led Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) from the border area. Turkey considers the greatest militia in the SDF a terrorist organisation.

The Turkish government desires to generate a “secure zone” in the region, exactly where it can resettle Syrian refugees at the moment in Turkey.

Numerous of them are not Kurds and critics warn this could lead to ethnic cleansing of the nearby Kurdish population.

Dozens of civilians have been killed in the operation so far and at least 160,000 have fled the region, according to the UN.

Kurdish-led forces have been a important ally of the US in the fight against the Islamic State (IS) group in Syria. They described the US withdrawal, which preceded Turkish action, as a “stab in the back”.

There are fears the destabilisation could threat a resurgence of IS, as thousands of former fighters and their relatives are becoming detained in northern Syria. Hundreds of IS household members are stated to have currently escaped from a single camp.

Some help organisations have been forced to suspend operations and evacuate international employees more than safety fears.

Facing immense stress, Kurdish-led forces announced a deal on Sunday with the Syrian government for military assistance to support repel Turkey.

Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan insists the operation will continue till his country’s “objectives have been accomplished” regardless of the involvement of Syrian government forces.

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A Kurdish Syrian lady cries in the course of the funeral of 5 Syrian Democratic Forces fighters in Ras al-Ain

The US has imposed sanctions on Turkish ministries and senior government officials in response to the country’s military offensive in northern Syria.

President Donald Trump also phoned his Turkish counterpart to demand an instant truce, Vice-President Mike Pence stated.

Mr Pence stated he would travel to the area “as swiftly as attainable”.

What is taking place in Syria?

Following the deal with Kurdish-led forces, the Syrian army started to move towards the border on Monday.

The deal is noticed as a increase for Syrian President Bashar al-Assad as it meant his troops would return to north-eastern locations for the very first time given that 2012, when their withdrawal to fight rebels elsewhere permitted Kurdish militias to take manage.

Regardless of disagreeing with their attempts at self-rule, Mr Assad did not seek to retake the territory, particularly immediately after the Kurds became partners in the coalition against IS with US troops on the ground.

Apart from fighting IS, the Kurds have been basic to the US in limiting the influence of rivals Russia and Iran and maintaining some leverage on the ground.

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Media captionThe BBC’s Martin Patience explains what is behind the conflict

Syrian government forces have erntered the strategic town of Manbij, inside the region exactly where Turkey desires to generate its “secure zone”. Turkish troops and pro-Turkish, anti-government fighters had been gathering close to the town.

For now, Syrian forces will not be deployed among Tal Abyad and Ras al-Ain, exactly where Turkey has focused its efforts.

The UN Human Rights workplace has named on Turkey to investigate suspected war crimes becoming carried out by pro-Turkish forces.

“Turkey could be deemed as a state accountable for violations by their affiliated groups as lengthy as Turkey workouts efficient manage of these groups or the operations in the course of which these violations occurred,” spokesman Rupert Colville stated.

The warning came immediately after footage emerged more than the weekend that appeared to show summary executions of Kurds, which includes female politician Hevrin Khalaf.

Why does Manbij matter?

Turkey has threatened the city given that Kurdish-led forces liberated it from IS in 2016. Manbij lies close to the border, and Turkey counts the Kurdish militias in Syria as terrorist organisations.

More than the previous two years, hundreds of US troops have visibly patrolled the streets of the city.

In March 2017, the Pentagon deployed soldiers to the region – and in contrast to in other components of Syria, they flew US flags from cars to visibly deter a Turkish operation and reassure each sides. It was on such a patrol that a suicide bomber killed 4 US soldiers in Manbij earlier this year.

But the deployment has now come to a speedy finish. On Tuesday, US military spokesman Col Myles B Caggins wrote on Twitter: “Coalition forces are executing a deliberate withdrawal from northeast Syria. We are out of Manbij.”

Syrian government forces and their Russian allies have swiftly moved in.

A video posted on Twitter shows a Russian war reporter inside what was the US military camp, with gear seemingly abandoned in the rush to leave the region.

  • War-weary Syrians in Manbij wait to study fate

According to the Russian defence ministry, Syrian government forces have now taken manage of far more than 1,000 square kilometres about Manbij.

Photographs from the scene show military cars flying each Syrian and Russian flags getting into the city.

It marks a dramatic transform in the Syrian civil war, just more than a week immediately after President Trump announced a US troop withdrawal from the border.