Earlier this year, the two nations came close to war following a series of skirmishes from either side. At the heart of the bubbling tensions is the contested Jammu and Kashmir area.

India has extended accused the area of becoming a hotbed of terrorism and on Sunday, launched a number of attacks on terrorist launchpads in the area soon after reported fire by the neighbouring nation.

Following these attacks, the governor of Jammu and Kashmir, Satya Pal Malik mentioned on Monday that India would enter the nation to go “inside and destroy” the terrorist camps if the attacks continued.

Speaking to reporters, Mr Malik mentioned: “Pakistan will have to behave and cease these terror camps.

“If it does not behave, we will go deep inside and destroy these camps.”

India-Pakistan: India issues threat

India-Pakistan: India challenges threat (Image: GETTY)

India-Pakistan: Imran Khan

India-Pakistan: Imran Khan (Image: GETTY)

The Indian army confirmed “several terrorists” had been killed but also that “six to 10” Pakistani military members had also been killed for the duration of the current attack.

India’s, army chief, Common Bipin Rawat told The Instances of India: “Six to 10 Pakistani soldiers have been killed in our firing.

“A equivalent quantity of terrorists have been killed and 3 out of the 4 launch pads have been destroyed.

“The casualty quantity could be a great deal larger.

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India-Pakistan: Wreckage from the recent attack

India-Pakistan: Wreckage from the current attack (Image: Getty)

“Instead of waiting for the terrorists to infiltrate, we decided to target the launch pads considering that we had the coordinates for them.”

India’s Prime Minister, Narendra Modi revoked Short article 370 in August, a section inside the Indian constitution which guarantees particular status to Kashmir and Jammu, hence reinitiated the conflict amongst the two states.

The explanation for his choice was down to alleged terrorist activity, in specific, an attack in the Kashmir area which killed 44 Indian paramilitaries.

Following that attack, the India Prime Minister known as an airstrike on a camp run by the militant organisation recognized as Jaish-e-Mohammed.

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India-Pakistan: Imran Khan

India-Pakistan: Imran Khan (Image: Getty)

India-Pakistan: Modi at the recent rally

India-Pakistan: Modi at the current rally (Image: Getty)

Having said that, two Indian jets have been shot down in Pakistani territory with one particular which includes pilot, Abhinandan Varthaman, who as then paraded in front of state tv just before becoming returned to India.

In the course of the United Nations Common Assembly final month, Pakistan’s Prime Minister, Imran Khan indicated that the current clashes had been the closest the two nations had come to a nuclear war.

He mentioned: “It is the only time considering that the Cuban crisis that two nuclear-armed nations are coming face to face.

Countries with nuclear weapons

Nations with nuclear weapons (Image: Express)

“We did come to face to face in February.”

Following the trend of a potentially catastrophic nuclear war amongst the two states, a current report published in Science Advances earlier this month stated that the death toll could rise to 125 million in the occasion of nuclear warfare.

The report stated: “India and Pakistan might be repeating the unfortunate instance set by the United States and Russia for the duration of the ‘cold war’ era: that is, constructing destructive nuclear forces far out of proportion to their part in deterrence.

India-Pakistan: Donald Trump

India-Pakistan: Donald Trump (Image: Getty)

“Should a war amongst India and Pakistan ever happen, as assumed right here, these nations alone could endure 50 to 125 million fatalities, a regional catastrophe.”

With Mr Khan warning of a possible nuclear conflict amongst the two, US President Donald Trump has previously remarked that he hoped the two could “come together”.

In a move that did not pacify relations, nonetheless, Modi not too long ago attended a rally in Texas with Trump.

In the course of the rally, Modi defended his country’s actions more than Kashmir and labelled Trump as a “friend of India”.